The building at Noworybna 3 street was the seat of the Central Committee of Polish Jews in Lublin. The committee operated from October 1944 to February 1945. Its main task was to help the Jews who survived from extermination, the hiding ones, and those coming out of hiding.
For the surviving Jews, this organisation was a substitute for self-government that enabled the management of internal affairs. The Central Committee of Polish Jews also authenticated the new government in Poland in the eyes of the influential Jewish organizations in the world. On the initiative of the Committee, a Jewish school was established, a newspaper for Jews was being published, and survivors' accounts were collected. In March 1945, the Central Committee of Polish Jews was moved to Warsaw.